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Environment • Aboriginal • Energy


September 18, 2019

Ontario Court of Appeal finds that worsening GHG emissions tip the scales in favour of section 91 POGG powers

On August 28, 2019, the Government of Ontario filed its appeal of the June 28, 2019 Ontario Court of Appeal decision in the constitutional reference about the Federal Greenhouse Gas Pollution Pricing Act.  The reference, heard by the Ontario Court of Appeal, addressed whether the Greenhouse Gas Pollution Pricing Act was unconstitutional in whole or in part.  

The Ontario Court of Appeal delivered a majority decision written by Justice Strathy and concurred by Justices MacPherson and Sharpe with a minority decision by Justice Hoy, concurring in the result with a slightly different interpretation of the pith and substance analysis.  Justice Huscroft dissented. 

The majority and minority decisions find the Greenhouse Gas Pollution Pricing Act to be constitutional as a matter of national concern in furtherance of the federal Peace, Order and Good Governance (POGG) power found in section 91 of the Constitution Act, 1867.

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