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Environment • Aboriginal • Energy

Carl S. McKay


T: 416-862-4831  E:


Carl McKay is an associate lawyer, providing corporate and commercial law support to Willms & Shier’s Energy and Natural Resources, Aboriginal and Northern Practice Areas. Carl is admitted to the bar of Ontario.

Carl assists natural resource proponents, Aboriginal clients and clean technology companies with corporate and commercial law matters.

Natural Resource and Renewable Energy Projects

Carl helps industry proponents plan, structure and implement their natural resource and renewable energy projects. Carl has assisted with corporate and commercial aspects of mining, exploration and development projects. He has also assisted clients with their investment in hydroelectric projects.

He assists with the formation and structuring of joint ventures between Aboriginal and industry clients.

Aboriginal Economic Development

Carl assists Aboriginal groups with building capacity for economic development:

  • Economic development strategic planning
  • Incorporation, by-laws and corporate governance
  • Developing and structuring First Nations and industry joint ventures, limited partnerships and First Nations economic development corporations
  • Private equity investments for First Nations projects
  • Growth opportunities through resource development
  • Renewable energy and infrastructure financing and development.


  • Industrial companies
  • Aboriginal communities
  • Inuit and Inuvialuit organizations
  • Mining and exploration sector
  • Municipalities
  • Renewable energy sector

Representative Work

Natural Resources

  • Agreements Between Inuit and Mining Company—Assisting an Inuit association in Nunavut with the negotiation of innovative long term land tenure and production agreements with a mining company.
  • Acquisition of Interests in Mining Claims—Assisting a junior mining company with the acquisition of interests in mining claims in the Larder lake Mining Division pursuant to an exploration and option to purchase agreement.

First Nation Joint Ventures

  • Industry-First Nation Joint Venture—Assisting an Ontario metal fabricating and services company with the development of a joint venture with a First Nation corporation to provide services at a mining operation in the North West Territories.

Renewable Energy

  • Aboriginal Joint Venture for FIT Projects—Assisting a First Nation economic development corporation enter into a joint venture with a major solar development company for the design, construction and operation of a portfolio of rooftop solar projects under the Ontario Power Authority’s Feed-in Tariff Program.

Clean Technology

  • Energy Performance Contract for University—Developing request for qualifications and request for proposals for a Canadian university seeking proponents to enter into an energy performance contract to carry out major energy and water conservation measures at its two campuses.




  • Dean’s Honour Roll, York University, 1999
  • Sessional Academic Achievement List, York University, 1997


  • Canadian Bar Association—member
  • Ontario Bar Association—member
  • Canadian Association of Black Lawyers—member



May 11, 2017

Is Your Contract with a First Nation Binding? Maybe Not.

Industry and First Nation governments frequently contract with each other on the basis that the signature of the Chief, or Chief and Council, is th...


December 09, 2016

New Real Property Register May Have Environmental Implications

On December 10, 2016, the Ontario Business Corporations Act ("OBCA") will be amended by the Forfeited Corporate Property Act, 2015 ("FCPA") to incl...


November 23, 2016

Energy Savings: Unlocking Triple Bottom Line Benefits

Institutions looking to reduce their environmental footprint and greenhouse gas emissions are taking note of a new idea - Energy Performance Contra...


July 11, 2016

Ontario Government to Support Indigenous and Community Involvement in Renewable Energy Projects

On June 27, 2016 Ontario’s Independent Electricity System Operator (IESO) commenced its Energy Partnerships Program (EPP).  The EPP merg...


June 10, 2016

Cap and Trade Update: Funding Innovation at Institutions

Ontario’s Cap and Trade System under the Climate Change Mitigation and Low-Carbon Economy Act, 2016, could mean additional financial challeng...


April 07, 2015

Groundbreaking IIBA and Land Tenure Agreements in Nunavut

The Kitikmeot Inuit Association (“KIA”) and TMAC Resources Inc. (“TMAC”) signed a 20 year Inuit Impact and Benefits Agreeme...


May 05, 2014

Limited Partnerships – Dangers for Unwary Limited Partners

Limited Partnerships are unique investment vehicles that provide investors with certain benefits attributable to partnerships and corporate entitie...




April 03, 2014

Conference: All-Energy Canada Exhibition & Conference

Willms & Shier Environmental Lawyers LLP will be an exhibitor at the All-Energy Canada Exhibition & Conference, April 9-10, 2014 at the Exh...



  • Called to the bar of Ontario (2004)
  • LL.B., Osgoode Hall Law School (2003)
  • B.A. (Hons.), Law and Society/History, York University (1999)



"The thing that is most valuable is that I have absolute confidence in the advice I’m getting."

Willms & Shier Environmental Lawyers Client